|Purple Pitcher Plant|
|Photo from Link|
Purple Pitcher Plant
The North American Pitcher plant or Sarracenia purpurea is a cool plant being it is carnivorous. At 30 cm ( 12 inches) long, it is not a big plant. The pitchers are at the base of the plant and the flower stem grows up through the middle.
Each pitcher is actually called a hood because the lid does not cover like a flap as for other pitcher plants. Instead the hood curls in on the sides and traps insects with its tiny hairs and digestive fluid. The hoods are beautifully veined. Each pitcher is filled with a fluid that contains digestive enzymes produced by the plant. A new pitcher relies on most of its nutrients from trapped insects like flies and spiders. By the second year of its life digestion is aided by organisms that actually live in the pitchers. These organisms or commensals include the mosquito Wyeomyia smithii and the midge Metriocnemus knabi (apparently very big names in the pitcher plant world). The carnivorous larvae of these two insects do not attack each other, however the midge will attack other mosquitos species !
Sarracenia plants live about 2 years unless damaged by fire or extreme cold. They are found throughout the eastern seaboard of Canada and the United States. They grow in marshland and bogs and enjoy lots of sunshine. The pitcher plant is named after Dr. Michel Sarrasin de L’Étang (1659-1734), Canada’s first professional botanist.
|Photo from Flickr|
Also known as the Bog Spruce (Picea mariana), the Black Spruce is widespread throughout North America's boreal region. It is found on soils with little nutritive value such as bogs and swamps. The Black spruce is a small to medium size evergreen tree that grows to an average height of 7 m to 15 m (20 - 40 feet). It is often confused with the white or red spruce but can be identified by its quadrate, dark green needles, small cones and rigid, brittle cone scales.
In the past, healing salves were made from the gum, antiscorbutic and diuretic beverages from twigs and needles, and ropes from the roots. The Black Spruce is used for Christmas trees but its main use is for pulpwood because of its long wood fibres.
Where the heck is Newfoundland and Labrador ?
|Far right in red|